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by

Türkçe - İngilizce

ana kullanım

BY nasıl okunur, okunuşu /bay/ ilgeç

by

İngilizce - Türkçe

sıklık sırası: 24

teknik

BY = [bay] preposition
1 yanında, yakınında; yanından * eşanlamlı : close to, near, next to, beside
İngilizce örnek : My house is by the sea.
Türkçe çevirisi : Evim denize (çok) yakındır.
İngilizce örnek : They sat by the fire.
Türkçe çevirisi : Ateş başına oturdular.
2 -dan, yoluyla * eşanlamlı : via, over
3 -e kadar
İngilizce örnek : He ought to be at home by now.
Türkçe çevirisi : Şimdiye kadar evde olması gerekir.
İngilizce örnek : I hope to complete the report by next Friday.
Türkçe çevirisi : Raporu gelecek cumaya kadar tamamlamayı umuyorum.
İngilizce örnek : I would like to know if you could make it by tomorrow.
Türkçe çevirisi : Onu yarına kadar yapıp yapamayacağını bilmek istiyorum.
4 ile, vasıtasıyla
İngilizce örnek : I usually go to school by bus.
Türkçe çevirisi : Okula genellikle otobüsle giderim.
İngilizce örnek : We came by train because there were no taxis.
Türkçe çevirisi : Trenle geldik çünkü taksi yoktu.
5 ile, suretiyle
İngilizce örnek : By working hard, she passed the exam.
Türkçe çevirisi : Sıkı çalışarak sınavı geçti.
6 tarafından
İngilizce örnek : Galapagos Islands were extensively studied by Charles Darwin.
Türkçe çevirisi : Galapagos Adaları Charles Darwin tarafından geniş çapta incelendi.
İngilizce örnek : 'Hamlet' is by Shakespeare.
Türkçe çevirisi : 'Hamlet' Şekspir tarafından yazılmıştır.
7 -e göre
İngilizce örnek : What time is it by your watch?
Türkçe çevirisi : Senin saatine göre saat kaç?
İngilizce örnek : All the exits must be kept open by law.
Türkçe çevirisi : Yasaya göre bütün çıkışlar açık tutulmalı.
8 -e bakarak
9 -le, -la
İngilizce örnek : We attended the meeting by invitation.
Türkçe çevirisi : Toplantıya davetle katıldık.
10 -den, -dan
İngilizce örnek : Shall we send your luggage by sea or by land?
Türkçe çevirisi : Bagajınızı deniz yoluyla mı yoksa karadan mı gönderelim?
¤ adverb
1 geçerek, geçip
2 yakında
3 bir kenara
* by oneself = kendi başına
İngilizce örnek : I won't give you any help; you must do it by yourself.
Türkçe çevirisi : Sana yardım etmeyeceğim; onu kendi başına yapmalısın.
İngilizce örnek : The man did not come, and so we painted the house by ourselves.
Türkçe çevirisi : Adam gelmedi, bu yüzden evi kendimiz boyadık.
İngilizce örnek : Two workmen cannot lift this piece of iron by themselves.
Türkçe çevirisi : İşçiler bu demir parçasını kendi başlarına kaldıramazlar.
* by the way = aklıma gelmişken, bu arada
İngilizce örnek : By the way, have you seen Hasan recently?
Türkçe çevirisi : Aklıma gelmişken, yakınlarda Hasan’ı gördün mü?

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